|1 Samuel 17 |
1 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and had assembled at Shochoh, which belongs to Judah, and they encamped between Shochoh and Azekah in Ephesdammim.
2 Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, had encamped by the valley of Elah, and set up in battle array against the Philistines.
3 The Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side; and there was a valley between them.
4 A champion came out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, who was about ten feet tall.
5 He had a helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze [about 125 lbs.].
6 And he had bronze shin guards on his legs, and a bronze javelin across his shoulders.
7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels [15 lbs.] of iron; and a man bearing his shield went before him.
8 And he stood and cried to the armies of Israel, and said to them, "Why have you come out to set your battle in array? Am I not a Philistine, and you are servants to Saul? Choose a man among you, and let him come down to fight me.
9 If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants; but if I prevail against him and kill him, then you will be our servants and serve us."
10 And the Philistine said, "I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together."
11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse. Jesse he had eight sons, and in the days of Saul he was an old man among other men.
13 The three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle. The names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab, the firstborn; and the next oldest, Abinadab; and then the third oldest, Shammah.
14 David was the youngest. The three eldest followed Saul.
15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
16 The Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself [in challenge and defiance] for forty days.
17 And Jesse said to David his son, "Now take to your brothers an ephah [bushel] of this parched grain along with these ten loaves of bread, and run to the camp of your brothers;
18 And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how your brothers are doing, and bring back a report from them."
19 Now Saul, David's brothers, and all the men of Israel were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
20 And David rose up early in the morning, left the sheep with a keeper, took the food, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to combat, shouting their battle cry.
21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
22 And David left his supplies in the hand of the keeper of the supplies, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brothers.
23 As he talked with them, the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, came up out of the armies of the Philistines, and spoke according to the same words [of defiant challenge], which David now heard.
24 When the men of Israel saw Goliath, they all fled from him and were greatly afraid.
25 And the men of Israel said, "Have you seen this man who has come out? He surely comes out to defy Israel. Whoever kills him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free from taxation in Israel."
26 And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, "What will be done to the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?"
27 And the people answered him , saying, "So it shall be for the man that kills him."
28 David's eldest brother, Eliab, heard when David was speaking to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, "Why did you come down here? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride, and the evil of your heart; for you have come down here so that you might see the battle."
29 And David said, "What have I done now? Is there not a cause [for my questions]?
30 And he turned from him toward another, and spoke after the same manner; and the people answered him again after the former manner.
31 And when the words were heard that David had spoken, they were reported to Saul; and he sent for him.
32 And David said to Saul, "Let no man's heart fail because of Goliath; your servant will go and fight with this Philistine."
33 And Saul said to David, "You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him because you are only a youth, and he has been a man of war from his youth."
34 And David said to Saul, "Your servant was keeping his father's sheep, and a lion and a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock;
35 And I went out after him, and struck him, and delivered it out of his mouth; and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, struck him, and killed him.
36 Your servant slew both the lion and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them because he has defied the armies of the living God."
37 David also said, "The LORD who delivered me out of the paw of the lion and out of the paw of the bear, will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine." And Saul said to David, "Go, and the LORD be with you."
38 And Saul armed David with his armor, and he put a helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.
39 David belted his sword on his armor, and he tried to leave; but he could not progress because he had not trained with them. And David said to Saul, "I cannot move with these; for I have not practiced with them." And David took them off himself.
40 David took his staff in his hand, and chose for his use five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag in his pouch; and with his sling in his hand he drew near to the Philistine.
41 The Philistine advanced forward and drew near to David; and the man that bore the shield went before him.
42 And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he disdained him for he was only a youth, with a ruddy complexion and of a fair appearance [not at all like a man of war].
43 And the Philistine said to David, "Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks [David's staff]?" And the Philistine cursed David by the Philistine gods.
44 The Philistine said to David, "Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field."
45 Then said David to the Philistine, "You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a shield; but I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.
46 This day will the LORD deliver you into my hand; and I will strike you, and take your head off you; and I will give the carcasses of the host of the Philistines this day to the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
47 All this assembly shall know that the LORD does not save with sword and spear; for the battle is the LORD's, and he will give you into our hands."1
48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose and drew near to meet David, that David hurried and ran toward the Philistine army to meet the giant.
49 David put his hand in his bag, and took out a stone, and slung it, which stone struck the Philistine in his forehead, [so hard] that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell forward face down to the earth.
50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and struck the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
51 Therefore David ran and stood upon the Philistine, reached for his sword, drew it out of its sheath, and killed him by cutting off his head with it. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until they came to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even to Gath and to Ekron.
53 As the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, they plundered the Philistines' tents.
54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armor in his tent.
55 And when Saul [at a distance] saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the host, "Abner, whose son is this youth?" And Abner said, "As your soul lives, O king, I cannot tell."
56 And the king said, "Inquire whose son the stripling is."
57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
58 And Saul said to him, "Whose son are you, young man?"2 And David answered, "I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite."
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1 All this assembly shall know that the LORD doe not save with sword and spear; for the battle is the LORD's, and he will give you into our hands. When we look at the monster of sin that has us in its control, do we shrink away from the fight? Do we, like those in Revelation, cower and say, "who can make war with the beast." Or with the true faith, do we believe in the promise of God to free us from sin, do we believe God is powerful, do we believe God saves — and then do we charge the enemy like David to slay the giant — our giant of sin. God does 90% of the work; we sling the stone, and he guides the stone to kill the giant.
2 Saul said to him, 'Whose son are you, young man?' Curiously, David had been Saul's fond servant, Saul had just sent David off to battle Goliath in verse 17, yet now he asks who he is. The events of the day must have been so unsettling, so bizarre, that Saul's mind could not accept it being David who had killed Goliath — despite their previous conversations and preparation of David for battle with Goliath.
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