|Exodus 12 |
1 The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying,
2 "This month shall be the beginning of months to you; it shall be the first month of the year.
3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, 'On the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb or a kid for themselves, according to the house of their fathers, one for each household.
4 And if the household is too small for a whole lamb, let him and his nearest neighbor share one according to the number of their people; you shall make your count for the lamb according to what each man can eat.
5 Your lamb or kid shall be without blemish, a male of the first year; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
6 And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill them in the evening.
7 They shall take some of the blood and put it on the two side posts and the upper door post of the houses in which they are to eat it.
8 And they shall eat the flesh that night, roasted in fire; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
9 Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire — its head, its legs and its internal organs.
10 You shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; if any of it remains until the morning you shall burn it with fire.
11 You shall eat it in this manner: with your belt on, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD's passover.
12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and I will execute judgment against all the gods of Egypt. I am the LORD.
13 And the blood shall be for a sign upon the houses where you dwell, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not come upon you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
14 This day shall be a memorial to you. You shall keep it as a feast to the LORD throughout all your generations; you shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.
15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread; the first day you shall put away all leaven out of your houses; for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.1
16 On the first day there shall be a holy assembly, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy assembly; no manner of work shall be done in them, except that which every man must eat, only that may be done by you.
17 So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this day I have brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore you shall observe this day in your generations by an everlasting ordinance.
18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the evening of the twentieth first day of the month.
19 For seven days there shall be no leaven found in your houses; for whoever eats that which is leavened shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or born in the land.
20 You shall eat nothing leavened; you shall eat unleavened bread in all your houses.'"
21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said to them, "Go out and take a lamb according to your families and kill the passover.
22 You shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and put some of the blood on the lintel and the two side posts. Then none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.
23 For the LORD will pass through to strike down the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood upon the lintel and the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to strike you down.
24 You shall observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever.
25 When you come to the land that the LORD will give you, according to his promise, you shall keep this rite.
26 And when your children say to you, 'What do you mean by this rite?'
27 You shall say, 'It is the sacrifice of the LORD's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when he struck down the Egyptians and spared our houses.'" Then the people bowed their heads and worshipped.
28 And the children of Israel went away and did so; as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock.
30 And Pharaoh and all his servants and all the Egyptians rose up in the night; and there was a great wailing in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31 And he called for Moses and Aaron at night, and said, "Rise up, and get out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel; go, serve the LORD, as you have said.
32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also."
33 And the Egyptians urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, "We will all be dead men."
34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.
35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they asked the Egyptians for jewels of silver and gold, and clothing.
36 And the LORD gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they gave them what they asked. And they plundered the Egyptians.
37 Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.
38 And a mixed multitude also went with them, and flocks, herds, and a large number of livestock.
39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought out of Egypt; it was not leavened because they were driven out of Egypt and could not tarry, nor had they prepared any food for themselves.
40 Now the time of the sojourning of the children of Israel in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.
41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even to the very day, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.
42 It is a night of observance to the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt; this is that night of the LORD, to be observed by all the children of Israel in their generations.
43 And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the ordinances for the passover: No foreigner shall eat of it;
44 However, every man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he may eat it.
45 But a foreigner or a hired servant shall not eat it.
46 It must be eaten in one house; you shall not carry any of the flesh out of the house; neither shall you break a bone of it.
47 All the congregation of Israel must keep it.
48 When a stranger sojourns with you and wants to keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; he shall be as one who is born in the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it.
49 One law shall apply to him who is native born and to the stranger who sojourns among you."
50 Then all the children of Israel did so; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
51 And it came to pass the same day, that the LORD brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.
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1 you shall eat unleavened bread; the first day you shall put away all leaven out of your houses; for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. The Jewish Passover is a shadow of the spiritual passover, and Paul gives us the New Testament meaning of unleavened bread: Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you really are unleavened. For Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. Therefore, let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. 1 Cor 5:7-8. Jesus is the bread from heaven. The leaven is the old man, the selfish man, the devil's corruption. Jesus said:
I am that bread of life.
Your forefathers ate manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
This is the bread that came down from heaven, so that a man may eat of it, and not die.
I am the living bread that has come down from heaven. If any man eats of this bread, he shall live forever; the bread that I will give is my flesh,
which I will give for the life of the world. John 6:48-51.
Strip yourselves of your former nature that controlled your conduct, which corrupts itself through lusts and desires that spring from delusion; and be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and put on the newly created nature [of Christ], which is created in God's image of true righteousness and holiness. Eph 4:22-24 .The actual passover of the angel of death, passing over the children of Israel, is a shadow of the Day of The Lord, in which those who have had their consciences sprinkled with the blood of Jesus while still alive on the earth, (like the doorway to their hearts), are saved and resurrected to Life in the Lord; while those who die in their sins see the wrath of God destroy their souls and burn all their works away.
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