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Exodus 30

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 1 "Make an altar to burn incense upon; you shall make it of shittim wood.

 2 It is to be square, a cubit long [1.5 ft] and a cubit wide [1.5 ft] and two cubits high [4 ft]; its horns shall be of one piece with it.

 3 And you shall overlay it with pure gold, its top and its sides all around and its horns, and you shall make a crown molding of gold around it.

 4  You shall make two golden rings under the molding, upon the two opposite sides of it; they shall be holders for the poles to carry it.

 5 And you shall make the poles of shittim wood and overlay them with gold.

 6 You shall put the altar in front of the veil that is before the ark of the Testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the Testimony, where I will meet with you.

 7  Aaron shall burn sweet incense on it every morning; when he tends the lamps he shall burn incense on it.

 8 And when Aaron lights the lamps in the evening, he shall burn incense on it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.

 9 You shall offer no other incense on the altar nor burnt sacrifice nor grain offering; neither you shall pour a drink offering on it.

 10  Aaron shall make atonement upon the horns of it once in a year; he shall make atonement upon it with the blood of the sin offering of atonement once a year throughout your generations. It is most holy to the LORD."

 11 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

 12 "When you take the census of the children of Israel to number them, then every man shall give a ransom for himself to the LORD, so that there will be no plague among them when you number them.

 13 This is what everyone shall give who crosses over to those who are already numbered: half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary (a shekel is twenty gerahs); this half shekel shall be the offering of the LORD.

 14 Everyone who crosses over to those who are already numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering to the LORD.

 15 The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel when they give an offering to the LORD to make an atonement for themselves.

 16 And you shall take the atonement money of the children of Israel and appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, that it may be a memorial to the children of Israel before the LORD, to make an atonement for themselves."

 17 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

 18 "You shall also make a basin of bronze, with its base also of bronze, for washing; and you shall put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and you shall put water in it.

 19 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet in it.

 20 When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, so that they may not die. Also, when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire to the LORD,

 21 They shall wash their hands and their feet, so that they my not die; it shall be a statute forever for Aaron and his descendants throughout their generations."

 22 Moreover, the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

 23 "Take also the finest spices: five hundred shekels of pure myrrh, half as much, even two hundred and fifty shekels of sweet cinnamon, and two hundred and fifty shekels of sweet calamus,

 24 And five hundred shekels of cassia, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and a hin of oil olive.

 25 And you shall make a holy anointing oil from these, an ointment compound according to the art of the perfumer; it shall be a holy anointing oil.

 26 You shall anoint the tabernacle of the congregation and the ark of the Testimony with it,

 27 And the table and all its vessels, and the candlestick and its vessels, and the altar of incense,

 28 And the altar of burnt offering with all its vessels, and the basin and its base..

 29 You shall sanctify them, so that they may be most holy; whatever touches them must be holy.

 30 And you shall anoint Aaron and his sons and consecrate them, that they may minister to me in the priest's office.

 31 You shall speak to the children of Israel, saying, 'This shall be a holy anointing oil to me throughout your generations.

 32 It shall not be poured upon anyone's flesh, neither shall you make any other like it in composition; it is holy, and it shall be holy to you.

 33 Whoever compounds any like it or puts any of it upon a stranger shall be cut off from his people.'"

 34 And the LORD said to Moses, "Take sweet spices — stacte, onycha, and galbanum, these sweet spices with pure frankincense, an equal amount of each —

 35 And you shall make incense, a confection after the art of the perfumer, salted, pure and holy.

 36 And you shall beat some of it very fine and put of it before the Testimony in the tabernacle of the congregation, where I will meet with you; it shall be most holy to you.

 37 The incense that you make according to its composition, you shall not make for yourselves; it shall be to you holy for the LORD.

 38 Whoever makes any like it, to use as a perfume, shall be cut off from his people."


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1 And you shall make incense, a confection after the art of the perfumer, salted, pure and holy. The sacrifices were to be made with incense, the shadow of the new conveant's prayer of the saints with words supplied by the Holy Spirit, as the great early Quaker, Isaac Penington describes:

So their incense and sacrifices were not the lasting incense and sacrifices, but shadows thereof. The prayers of the saints, when God pours out the spirit of prayer and supplication upon them, and they pray to him therein, that is the incense. Let my prayer be directed before you as incense, and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice. And this was the incense and pure offering, which in every place was to be offered up to God's name among the Gentiles, when his name should be great among them, as Malachi foretells. And what said David of old, when God's Spirit and the holy vision was upon him? Sacrifice and offering you did not desire; you have opened my ears: burnt-offering and sin-offering you have not required. Then said I, lo I come; in the volume of the book it is written of me: I delight to do your will, O my God; yes, your law is in the midst of my bowels. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit (rent your hearts, and not your garments, and turn to the Lord your God); a broken and a contrite heart, O God, you will not despise. The offering praise to God from a sincere heart, and the ordering of the conversation aright, these are the sacrifices well-pleasing to God; for sacrifices were not the thing which God mainly required of outward Israel, but this, OBEY MY VOICE: and obedience is more acceptable than all other sacrifices, and to heed [his voice] than the fat of the choicest rams.

Besides, those outward sacrifices could not remove or take away sin from the conscience, but he that came to do the will, and to put an end to those sacrifices and oblations, which were but outward and imperfect; he both washes and takes away sins from within, and also bring in everlasting righteousness, where his light shines, and his pure life springs inwardly in the heart.

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