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Numbers 20

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 1 Then the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, came into the desert of Zin in the first month; and the people stayed in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.

 2 And there was no water for the congregation; and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron.

 3 And the people angrily contended with Moses, saying, " We wish to God that we had died when our brothers died at the hand of the LORD!

 4 Why have you brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness? So that we and our cattle should die here?

 5 And why have you made us leave Egypt to bring us in to this evil place? It is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink."

 6 And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces; and the glory of the LORD appeared to them.

 7 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

 8 Take the rod, and gather the assembly together; then you, and Aaron your brother, speak to the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and you shall bring forth to them water out of the rock.1 So you shall give the congregation and their beasts drink."

 9 And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him.

 10 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said to them, "Hear now, you rebels; must we bring you water out of this rock?"

 11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he struck the rock twice; and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank along with their beasts.

 12 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, "Because you did not believe me enough to show me as holy in the eyes of the children of Israel,2 therefore you shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them."

 13 This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he showed himself to holy to them.

 14 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, saying, "Thus says your brother Israel, You know all the trouble that has befallen us.

 15 How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelled in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians troubled us and our fathers.

 16 And when we cried to the LORD, he heard our voice and sent an angel; and he has brought us forth out of Egypt. Behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the outermost part of your borders.

 17 Let us pass, I pray you, through your country. We will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of the wells. We will go by the king's highway, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed your borders."

 18 And Edom said to him, "You shall not pass by me, lest I come out against you with the sword."

 19 And the children of Israel said to him, "We will go by the highway; and if I and my cattle drink of your water, then I will pay for it. Only I will, without doing anything else, go through on my feet."

 20 And he said, "You shall not go through." And Edom came out against him with many people and with a strong hand.

 21 Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border; therefore Israel turned away from him.

 22 And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came to Mount Hor.

 23 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in Mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying,

 24 "Aaron shall be gathered to his people. He shall not enter into the land which I have given to the children of Israel because you rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah.

 25 Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up to mount Hor.

 26 And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron shall be gathered to his people, and he shall die there."

 27 And Moses did as the LORD commanded, and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation.

 28 And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount; and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount.

 29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel.


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1 It is also observable, The children of Israel, who were all baptised unto Moses, in the cloud and in the sea; and did all eat the same spiritual meat; and did all drink of the same spiritual drink, for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, (or went with them) and that Rock was Christ; 1 Cor10:2-4.

And this was long before Christ came in the flesh; Christ was and is the Rock of Ages, and Foundation of many generations, both before and after his coming in the flesh.

2 Because you (Moses and Aaron) did not believe me enough to show me as holy in the eyes of the children of Israel, neiher Moses or Aaron were allowed to go into the promise land. What was it that they did wrong? The Lord (Jesus) told Moses to speak to the rock. Moses apparently did three things wrong: 1) he expressed anger at the people, calling them rebels, 2) he implied that they, (Moses and Aaron), would bring water from the rock, and 3) he not only spoke to the rock, but melodramatically struck the rock twice with his staff, as he had struck the rock under God's instruction's to bring water from the rock at Horeb.

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