|1 Kings 9 |
1 Now it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the temple of the LORD and the king's palace, and all he desired to do,
2 That the LORD appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had appeared to him at Gibeon.
3 And the LORD said to him, "I have heard your prayer and your supplication, which you have made before me; I have hallowed this temple, which you have built, and I have put my name there forever. My eyes and my heart will be there perpetually.
4 And if you will walk before me, as David your father walked, in integrity of heart and in uprightness, doing according to all that I have commanded you, and will keep my statutes and my ordinances,
5 Then I will establish the throne of your kingdom over Israel forever, as I promised to David your father, saying, 'You shall never fail to have a man on the throne of Israel.'
6 But if you or your children turn from following me, and will not keep my commands and my decrees that I have set before you, but go and serve other gods and worship them,
7 Then will I cut Israel off from the land that I have given them, and this temple that I have hallowed for my name I will cast out of my sight. And Israel will be a proverb and a byword among all peoples.
8 And as for this temple, which is exalted now, it will become a heap of ruins, and everyone who passes by it will be astonished and will hiss and say, 'Why has the LORD done such a thing to this land and this temple?'
9 And people will answer, 'Because they forsook the LORD their God, who brought their forefathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold of other gods and have worshipped and served them; therefore the LORD has brought all this evil upon them.'"
10 Now at the end of twenty years, when Solomon had built the temple of the LORD and the king's house,
11 For which Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with as much cedar and cypress timber and with all the gold he desired, that King Solomon then gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.
12 But when Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities that Solomon had given him, he was not pleased with them.
13 And he said, "What kind of cities are these that you have given me, my brother?" And he called them the land of Cabul [good-for-nothing], a name they have to this day.
14 Hiram had sent one hundred and twenty talents [about four and a half tons] of gold to the king.
15 Now this is the reason for the levy [conscription] of forced labor that King Solomon raised: to build the temple of the LORD, his own palace, the Millo,1 and the wall of Jerusalem, Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer.
16 For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up and taken Gezer, burned it with fire, slew the Canaanites who dwelt in the city, and given it for a dowry to his daughter, Solomon's wife.
17 And Solomon rebuilt Gezer, Lower Bethhoron,
18 Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land of Judah,
19 And all the cities of supply that Solomon had and cities for his chariots and cities for his horsemen, and whatever Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion.
20 As for all the people who were left of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, who were not of the children of Israel,
21 Their children who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able to utterly destroy, of those Solomon made a forced labor of slaves to this day.
22 But Solomon make no slaves of the children of Israel; they were his men of war, his officials, his attendants, his captains, and the commanders of his chariots and his horsemen.
23 They were the chief officials who were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty who supervised the people who did the work.
24 As soon as Pharaoh's daughter came up out of the city of David to her palace that Solomon had built for her; then he built the Millo.
25 Now three times a year Solomon offered burnt offerings and peace offerings on the altar that he built to the LORD, and he also burned incense upon the altar that was before the LORD. So he fulfilled all the obligations to the temple.
26 King Solomon also made a fleet of ships in Eziongeber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red sea, in the land of Edom.
27 And Hiram sent his servants with the fleet, shipmen who had knowledge of the sea, to work with the servants of Solomon.
28 Then they came to Ophir and got four hundred and twenty talents of gold and brought it to King Solomon.
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1 What is the "Millo"? The Millo is thought to have been a rampart built by the Jebusites prior to Jerusalem's being conquered by the Israelites. There is some debate among scholars as to the Millo's specific nature. The most common assumption among archaeologists and historians of ancient Israel is that the Millo is the Stepped Stone Structure. In the Book of Samuel, it is mentioned as boundary of King David's construction while building up the City of David after the capture of Jerusalem from the Jebusites. Some scholars think it was part of ramparts or turrets within the inner city. The New King James Version footnotes Millo as literally, "The Landfill," while the New International Version translates it to "supporting terraces." However, taking into account that the potentially cognate term mulu, from Assyrian, refers to earthworks, it is considered more likely that it was an embankment which flattened the slope between Ophel and the Temple Mount. So, it was some type of stone structure, for support and a necessary foundation for the defences the city. This refers to Solomon building the Millo, but at least two forms of it existed previously.
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