Clarified King James Bible (all green text and note superscripts are clickable)     Go to Bible Index Page   
1 Samuel 20

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 1 David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came to Jonathan and said, "What have I done? What is my iniquity? And what is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?"

 2 And Jonathan said to him, "God forbid; you shall not die. Behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, unless I would know about it; and why would my father hide something like this from me? It this not true?

 3 And David swore moreover, and said, "Your father certainly knows that I have found grace in your eyes; and he has thought to himself, 'I cannot let not Jonathan know of this, or he will be grieved;' but truly as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, there is only a step between me and death."

 4 Then Jonathan said to David, "Whatever your soul desires, I will do it for you."

 5 And David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at food; instead let me go and hide myself in the field to the evening of the third day .

 6 If your father misses me at all, then say, 'David earnestly asked my permission that he might run to his city of Bethlehem for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.'

 7 If he say thus, 'It is well;' I shall have peace; but if he is very angry, then for certain he is determined to do evil to me.

 8 Therefore you shall deal kindly with me; for you have brought me into a covenant of the LORD with you; despite that, if there is iniquity in me, slay me yourself for why should you bring me to your father?"

 9 And Jonathan said, "Far be it from you, for certainly if I knew that evil were determined by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell it to you?"

 10 Then said David to Jonathan, "Who shall tell me? Or what if your father answers you roughly?"

 11 And Jonathan said to David, "Come, and let us go out into the field." And they went out both of them into the field.

 12 Jonathan said to David, "O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about tomorrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there are good intentions toward David, and if I then fail to send word to inform you;

 13 The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan; but if it pleases my father to do evil to you, then I will tell you of it and send you away that you may go in peace; and the LORD is with you, as he has been with my father.

 14 And [in return] you shall show me the kindness of the Lord so that I don't die; not only a kindness while I yet live,

 15 But also you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever; no, not even after the LORD has cut off every and all the enemies of David from the face of the earth."

 16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May the LORD even enforce [David's breaking of the covenant] by the hand of David's enemies."

 17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him; he loved David as he loved his own soul.

 18 Then Jonathan said to David, "Tomorrow is the new moon, and you shall be missed because your seat will be empty.

 19 And when you have stayed three days, then you shall go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself before, and remain by the stone Ezel.

 20 And I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I am shooting at a target.

 21 And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, 'Go, find out the arrows.' If I expressly say to the lad, 'Behold, the arrows are on this side of you, take them;' then come out and return for there is peace to you, and no harm; as the LORD lives.

 22 But if I say thus to the young man, 'Behold, the arrows are beyond you; go your way;' for the LORD has sent you away.

 23 In regard to the covenant that you and I have sworn before, behold, the LORD is between you and me forever."

 24 So David hid himself in the field, and when the new moon had come, the king sat down to eat his food.

 25 Like times past the king sat upon in his seat that was against the wall; Jonathan sat opposite the king, Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty.

 26 Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day for he thought to himself, "Something bad has happened to David, he must not be [ceremonially] clean; surely he is not clean."

 27 And it came to pass on the next day, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was still empty; and Saul said to Jonathan his son, "Why does the son of Jesse not come to eat, neither yesterday, nor today?"

 28 And Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem."

 29 David said, 'Let me go, I pray you; for our family has a sacrifice in the city; and my brother has commanded me to be there; and now, if I have found favor in your eyes, let me go away, I pray you, and see my brothers.' Therefore he does not come to the king's table."

 30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of the perverse rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own confusion, and to the confusion of your mother's nakedness?

 31 For as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the ground, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Therefore now send and fetch him to me, for he shall surely die."

 32 Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, "Why is he to be slain? What has he done?"

 33 Saul then cast a javelin at Jonathan, aiming to kill him; therefore Jonathan knew his father was determined to slay David.

 34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month for he was grieved for David and because his father had shamed him.

 35 It came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan and a little boy with him went out into the field at the time agreed with David.

 36 And he said to his lad, "Run, find out now the arrows that I shall shoot." And as the boy ran, Jonathan shot an arrow beyond him.

 37 And when the boy had come to the place of the arrow that Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you?"

 38 Jonathan cried out to the lad, "Make haste and speed, do not stay." And Jonathan's boy gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.

 39 But the boy did not suspect anything; only Jonathan and David knew the matter.

 40 Jonathan gave the boy his weapons and said to him, "Go and carry them back to the city."

 41 And as soon as the boy had gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times; and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David wept even more.

 42 And Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, 'The LORD be between me and you, and between my seed and your seed forever.'" And David arose and departed, while Jonathan returned into the city.

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