|Deuteronomy 14 |
1 [Moses speaking]. "You are the children of the LORD your God; you shall not cut yourselves, nor shave the front of your head for the dead.
2 For you are a holy people to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a peculiar people to himself, above all the nations that are upon the earth.
3 You shall not eat any abominable thing.
4 These are the beasts which you shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,
5 The hart, the gazelle, the roebuch, and the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the mountain sheep.
6 And you may eat among the beasts every beast that parts the hoof and has it divided into halves, and chews the cud.
7 Nevertheless these you shall not eat of those who chew the cud, or of those who divide the cloven hoof: the camel, and the hare, and the coney. Because they chew the cud, but do not divide not the hoof, they are therefore unclean to you.
8 And the swine, because it divides the hoof but does not chew the cud, it is unclean to you; you shall not eat their flesh or touch their dead carcass.
9 These you shall eat of all that are in the waters: all that have fins and scales you shall eat.
10 And whatever does not have fins and scales you may not eat; it is unclean to you.
11 You shall eat of all the clean birds.
12 But these are those that you shall not eat: the eagle, and the vulture, and the ospray,
13 And the buzzard, and the kite in its several kinds,
14 And every raven in its several kinds,
15 And the owl, the night hawk, the cuckoo, the hawk in its several kinds,
16 The little owl, and the great owl, and the swan,
17 And the pelican, the gier eagle, the cormorant,
18 And the stork, the heron in its several kinds, the hoopoe, and the bat.
19 And every creeping thing that flies is unclean to you; they shall not be eaten.
20 But of all clean fowls you may eat.
21 You shall not eat of anything that dies of itself; you shall give it to the stranger that is in your gates, that he may eat it; or you may sell it to an alien for you are a holy people to the LORD your God. You shall not cook a kid in his mother's milk.
22 You shall truly tithe all the increase of your seed, that the field brings forth year by year.
23 And you shall eat before the LORD your God, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of your corn, of your wine, and of your oil, and the first borns of your herds and of your flocks; that you may learn to fear the LORD your God always.
24 And if the way is too long for you, so that you are not able to carry it; or if the place is too far from you, which the LORD your God shall choose to set his name there, when the LORD your God has blessed you.
25 Then shall you turn it into money, and bind up the money in your hand, and shall go to the place which the LORD your God shall choose.1
26 And you shall spend that money for whatever your soul desires to eat: for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatever your soul desires; and you shall eat there before the LORD your God, and you shall rejoice, you, and your household,
27 And the Levite who is within your town; you shall not forsake him for he has no part nor inheritance with you.
28 At the end of three years you shall bring forth all the tithe of your produce the same year, and shall lay it up within your town.
29 And the Levite, (because he has no part or inheritance with you), and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, who are within your town, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do."2
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1 Money was not part of tithes. Money was only used to travel to the place the Lord had named, if it was too far to carry all the yield of the land to eat in joy before the Lord.
2 The tithes were then used to provide a meal for the owner of the produce and those within that person's town who needed a gifted meal: the Levite, the strangers, the fatherless, and the widows. This was not a means of support for the synagogue or the priests within it. And don't forget, that since the Levite priesthood was superceded by the everlasting priesthood of Jesus Christ, with his everlasting sacrifice, all tithes were abolished with the Levite priesthood, Heb 7. For more information on tithing see George Fox's work on tithing.
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