|Matthew 27:1-2,11-25 |
1 Now when the morning had come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death.
2 And when they had bound him, they led him away and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
11 Now Jesus stood before the governor; and the governor asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews?" And Jesus said to him, "It is as you say."
12 And when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.
13 Then Pilate said to him, "Do you not hear how many things they witness against you?"
14 But he never answered a word to him, so that the governor marveled greatly.
15 Now at that feast the governor, by custom, released a prisoner to the people, whomever they wished.
16 And they had a notorious prisoner, called Barabbas, at that time.
17 Therefore when they had gathered, Pilate said to them, "Whom do you wish me to release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?"
18 For he knew that they had delivered him because of envy.
19 Also, while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent [a message] to him, saying, "Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him."
20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
21 And again the governor said to them, "Which of the two do you wish that I release to you?" And they said, "Barabbas."
22 Then Pilate said to them, "What then shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?" And they all said to him, "Let him be crucified."
23 And the governor said, "Why, what evil has he done?" But they cried out all the more, saying, "Let him be crucified."
24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail with nothing, but that he was only creating violent agitation [in the crowd of people], he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, "I am innocent of the blood of this righteous person; therefore you suffer the consequence of the injustice."
1 All the people said to Pilate, "Crucify him! Crucify him!" ..Then all the people answered, and said, "Let his blood be on us, and on our children!" According to an understanding received from the Lord, it was particularly grievous to the Lord that the entire crowd of his chosen people hatefully demanded his crucifixion. Just like the priests incited their followers to kill the Quakers, the Jewish priests, their income threatened, incited all the multitude of Jewish people to kill Jesus. But then, what an incredible curse all the Jewish people called upon themselves, shouting to Pilate: "Let his blood be on us, and on our children!" Thirty seven years later, it came to pass, though a Jewish rebellion was the precipitating event:
The end of the Jewish Kingdom was in 70 A.D. In the first of several Jewish rebellions against Rome, most of the Jews were massacred and the temple in Jerusalem was completely destroyed by the Roman Prince, Titus, in 70 AD. Titus, who later became emperor of Rome, was the son of the Emperor Vespasian. Josephus, a first century historian, wrote that 1.1 million Jews died and hundreds of thousands were forced out of the country and into exile and slavery. The severity of Rome's destruction of Israel stemmed from The Great Revolt of the Jews against the Roman Empire in which Jewish rebels defeated the XII Roman Legion, killing 6,000 Roman troops and wounding many more — it was one of the worst defeats in Roman history, a humiliating defeat by a Jewish rag-tag group of rebels, and it was with the loss of the legion's aquilla or Eagle, (Rome's standard); and because the Eagle symbolized Rome, (Eagle lost, honor lost; honor lost, all lost), Rome was insulted, shocked, outraged, and resolved to inflict severe retribution on the Jews.
In a later Jewish rebellion against Rome in135 A.D., the Roman Emperor Hadrian further destroyed Jerusalem and Israel. Cassius Dio, a second century historian, counted 580,000 Jews killed, 50 fortified towns and 985 villages destroyed, and all the remaining Jews exiled to countries throughout the Roman Empire and eventually scattered and re-scattered throughout the world.